– $671. (Estonia, 1999)
a Few Concerned People
Can Generate Enthusiasm
and Bring About Change
at Tallinn Technical University wanted to act in favor of cleaner
air, cleaner water, and “green” living. Working in cooperation with
university officials and local businesses, they organized a set
of attention-getting activities which achieved concrete results.
planted green plants in classrooms, in large pots so they would
not be stolen in the future. They had arranged in advance for teachers
to separate and save waste paper, and on the Green Day they collected
15 tons of paper which they transported to a recycling center. To
celebrate the opening of a bicycle parking area, they made a human
chain bicycle figure, and then had a large cake.
project’s financial report shows the support and also the fun that
“Green Day” generated: “The cake cost more than we planned. We had
a feeling that students are very hungry and capable to eat even
a very big cake. And the students were excellent, they ate 10 kilograms
of cake in 20 minutes time… We received free transport for the paper
from a waste management company Ragn-Sells, including the transport
for regular paper collection from the university in the future.
Tallinn Technical University bought the bike parking area and small
containers for paper, and gave us a room where to listen to the
lecture on sustainable development.”
Day activities are now an annual tradition. They build leadership
through practical experience. Membership in student environmental
clubs throughout Tallinn has grown, because the successful activities
generate enthusiasm and optimism. Matching fund support grew from
a total of $50 in the first year (1998) to $700 in the second year.
(1999 – 2000)
Day (Third Year) – $992. Estonian Youth
Nature Protection, Allan Kokkota. Popularizing environmental issues
with university students involved the traditional activities such
as planting trees, collecting paper for recycling, encouraging bicycle
use, and showing others how to make their universities more environmentally
friendly. This event was promoted with T-shirts and stickers. Five
different university student environmental clubs coordinated their
efforts. (WWF-International Leadership Training Grant).
Use Landscape Planning – $893. Sorex (Estonian
Students Society for Environmental Protection), Liis Truubon. Young
people (Estonian university students) planned and led an international
youth work camp to restore the Toila park area in Ida-Viru county.
The organizers needed to learn budget management and public relations
skills as well as using their ecological knowledge. (WWF-International
Leadership Training Grant).
Impact of Globalization – $645. Estonian
Green Movement, Peep Mardiste. Printing and distribution of an Estonian-language
booklet will make Estonians more aware of environmental implications
of globalization. It will include explanations of institutions such
as the World Trade Organization and concepts such as trade liberalization.
The booklet will be given to main public libraries, and uploaded
on the Green Movement website. Volunteers had already done the writing
and translating, but needed money to cover printing costs for the
Composting Training Course for Families – $917.
Society of Friends of Tallinn Botanical Garden, Heiki Tamm. This
course will benefit the economy and ecology of the Pirita residential
area, as families will learn how to build compost heaps and bins,
control pests, and use compost in their gardens. Matching funds:
$68 (Tallinn Botanical Garden).
Effective Environmental Education in Soomaa National Park – $430.
Friends of Soomaa, Tonis Korts. Soomaa National Park was founded
six years ago. On its 400 km2 territory, about 100 people live separately
on single farms. They lack information about laws and rules designed
to protect nature in the park area. The park has only three employees,
and cannot systematically inform the local people about these issues.
In this project, volunteers from Viljandi Cultural College will
organize and present that information which answers local residents’
questions and explains the purpose of the park rules.
Open Eyes in West Estonia – $521. Lihula
Ecogroup, Kaja Lotman. Discussion of local ecological problems will
lead to creation of a data base, from which students and teachers
will develop a plan of action to make improvements. Matching funds:
$110 (Ministry of Environment in Estonia).
Wooded Meadow – $719. Koonga Looduse Sihtasutus,
Marek Sammul. Creation of a 5 km nature path, including information
stands, will help to preserve the ecosystem and alert residents
and visitors to its protected and endangered species. This is part
of a community development project to build up infrastructure for
ecotourism. Matching funds: $466 (Naturvernforbundet I Buskerud,
Birds – $518. Estonian Ornithological
Society, Jaanus Elts This project focused on restoring and preserving
a ground habitat which is a significant area for large birds, who
nest in holes in the ground rather than in trees.
Sandstone Trail – $280. Tartu Student
Nature Protection Circle, Ethel Uibopuu, Alar Valdmann. Creation
and maintenance of a nature trail at a sandstone outcrop contributes
to public education and recreation. Matching funds: $85.
(1998 – 1999)
Camp at Tabasalu Nature Park – $996. NGO
Estonian Fund for Nature, Toomas Trapido. About 100 volunteers took
part in clean-ups and trail building in preparation for the opening
of a mixed conservation and public nature recreation area in North
Estonia. National press coverage promoted the park and its landscape
Wooded Meadow Restoration (Stage Two) – $996.
Estonian Seminatural Community Conservation Association– Heikki
Luhamaa. Organized work actions to maintain another wooded meadow
continued this year, expanding to a new area and involving new volunteers.
Matching funds: $300 (Koonga Fund for Nature).
Life Style on the Islands – $581. Saaremaa
Green Cabinet, Enda Naaber. These funds encouraged a variety of
projects to promote environmental activities and awareness among
schoolchildren and their parents. Matching funds: $100 (Muhu Municipality).
County Environmental Education Days – $890.
Polva High School and Regional Forest Department, Ed Greenberg (Peace
Corps Volunteer). Forty Russian and Estonian speaking students from
Ida-Viru, Tartu and Polva counties participated in two days of discussions
governmental and NGO leaders, and joined in the Taevaskoja Park
Clean-Up. Matching funds: $843 (Polva County).
Day (Second Year) – $671. Estonian Youth
Nature Protection Club, Allan Kokkota. This year’s project involved
more people in the paper recycling campaign, organized a bicycle
parking area on Tallinn University campus, and provided potted plants
for classroom areas. Matching funds and in-kind support: $700 (waste
company, university, other local businesses).
Nature’s Beauty on Hanja Heights – $1000. Tartu
Students Nature Protection Circle, Kaja Riiberg. This project restored
three scenic view sites. As a part of the process, student volunteers
worked together with government officials, and made the public aware
of the ecological and recreational problems caused by the decline
al Mare Nature Trail – $980. Lillekula
High School, Linda Metsaorg. Publishing a guidebook, marking the
nature trail and conducting walking tours has encouraged local residents
as well as visitors to learn more about environmental issues in
the Tallinn area. Matching funds: $200 (REC).
Human Being, Environment – $971. Kuressaare
Gymnasium, Marie Meius. A two-day walking tour and study trip introduced
35 teachers from different parts of Saaremaa to local natural sites,
and connected environmental preservation efforts to Saaremaa’s cultural
heritage. Matching funding: $706 (participants).
(1997 – 1998)
Seminatural Communities in Wooded Meadows (Stage One) – $800.
Estonian Seminatural Community Conservation Association, Toomas
Kukk. Clearing brush and fast-growing junipers (a function formerly
performed by sheep) is needed to preserve the species diversity
in wooded meadows. Most of this grant was spent for a professional
brush saw, which was later loaned to several other NGOs in different
parts of Estonia, for the same purpose. Matching funds: $100 (Estonian
Environmental Fund, Halinga Forest Department).
Recycling Opportunities – $800. Estonian
Green Movement, Forestry Working Group Different kinds of activities
(creating a database, monitoring paper consumption and waste, street
pick-ups) were designed to raise public awareness of the need for
are not just Timber – $428. Forest Youth,
Kulli Relve. A follow-up for the volunteers from different counties
who worked on the Old Single Tree project last year; this 2-day
seminar was held to increase their ecological awareness and to spread
knowledge of the folklore and traditions connected with the trees.
“Green Day” (First Year) – $800. BEST-Estonia
& Estonian Youth Nature Protection Association, Allan Kokkota.
University student groups organized activities such as opening a
battery recycling site, dramatically promoting bicycle use, and
collecting used paper from around the campus, as well as seminars
on ecological themes. All events of the day were designed to raise
student interest and involvement. Matching funds: $50 (private businesses).
Youth Action in Hiiumaa – $800. TELO Nature
House, Tiina Pedak. Practical work to protect the alvar landscape
on Hiiumaa island was combined with a seminar and landscape studies.
In-kind support from West-Estonian Archipelago Biosphere Reserve
and the Environmental Department of Hiiumaa County.
Hiking Trail – $800. Cooperative Efforts
of 8 groups, Peep Tobruluts. After the work was done to clear and
mark the trail, publication of an informative booklet about the
river and its flora and fauna helped to encourage local public use
as well as tourism. Matching funds: $2155 (Regional Park, Forest
District, and others).
Godwit – $375. Lihula Okoklubi, Kaja Lotman.
Participants restored a breeding site of the Black-tailed Godwit,
once a typical inhabitant of the coastal wetlands. They also made
a nature trail on the outer perimeter and prepared a leaflet about
the project and the problems.
Action on the River Prandi – $988. Estonian
Environmental Women’s Union, Liivi Rehela. A ditch and deposition
pond for reducing agricultural runoff were dug 15 years ago, but
had not been cleared since. By planting trees, digging out the ditch
and pond, and reconstructing a path and small bridge, this action
was designed to protect the river. Matching funds: $500 (Local farms).
of Nature Study at School – $513. Tartu
Ecology Club Kablik, Ene Ord. A seminar on active environmental
education for school teachers included lectures, practical training
in the forest center, and discussions. Tartu Nature House and Municipal
Government provided in-kind support.
Single Tree – $979. Forest Youth, Hendrik
Relve. The “Forest Youth” organized a census of old trees in Estonia,
including measurements of each ancient tree, and local legends about
it. These data and the publicity led to increased national and local
interest in strengthening nature protection laws and activities.
Matching funds: $1000 (REC).
Wooded Meadows in Hiiumaa – $993. Tallinn
Nature House, Tiina Pedak. Plant species concentration in wooded
meadows is very high (63 species per one square meter), but these
ecosystems can be overgrown very quickly. In five days of action,
students from different regions of Estonia worked together with
local private farmers to clear brush and maintain the biodiversity
of this area. In-kind support was provided by West Estonian Biosphere
for Tallinn Schools – $1025. Estonian
Green Movement, Waste Project ’96, Meelis Jahnson. This group’s
educational videotape about waste management problems was distributed
free of charge to all schools in Tallinn. Sweden’s Green Party assisted
in this project.
Work in Saaremaa – $922. Saaremaa Nature
School, Indrek Peil. For their freshwater monitoring project, this
group needed hiking and camping equipment. Matching funds: $6350
(Central European University), $750 (Town Council).
to Coastal Birds – $467. Ecology Club
of Lihula Gymnasium, Kaja Lotman. Nature studies including bird
counts demonstrated the importance of coastal habitats to migrating
birds. Matching funding: $275, Matsalu Nature Reserve & Lihula
Path on the Pakri Peninsula – $959. Eesti
Paeliit / Estonian Limestone Union, Rein Einasto.
project organized volunteers to create a nature trail along the
limestone cliffs of the Pakri peninsula, and to clean up the debris
left behind when the Soviet naval base was closed. Matching funds:
$970 (Local Forestry Department and City Council).
of the Verdant Area of the School – $545. Keskkonnaklubi
Scarabeus, Helgi Muoni. Planting and maintenance of green areas
around a school provides restfulness and hope to all who walk near
it. Five large birches and 420 hawthorns were planted. Matching
funds: $200 (Tartu City Council).
Living Style – $959. Tartu Okoloogiaklubi
Kablik, Kulli Kalamees. A series of seminars and activities dramatized
nature-friendly living, such as energy saving and sustainable consumption.
Matching funds: $320 (Tartu Nature House).
About Protected Areas – $634. Forest Youth,
Kulli Relve. This organization of young people was started with
this grant, which enabled them to gather in an educational outdoor
setting and carry out a specific tree protection project. Matching
funds: $200 (Karula National Park Administration).
Wall (Stage Two) – $354. Ardu Basic School,
Andres Ois. Additional trees and shrubs were planted around the
school. The work was done by students, teachers and parents. Matching
funds: $268 (Municipality).
Youth Action in Hiiumaa – $986. TELO Loodusmaja,
Tiina Pedak. Students under the direction of wildlife reserve specialists
learned about fragile plant and animal life in wooded meadows and
coastal regions. They cleaned a nature path as part of an effort
to reduce the damage caused by tourists.
of Radiation Safety – $660. Estonian Green
Movement, Heino Kroon. Purchase of a radiation detector enabled
EGM members to investigate reports of illegally discarded radioactive
materials, and to communicate their findings to scientists, officials,
and the general public. Matching funds: $355 (Miljoforbundet).
Expedition for Town Children – $518. Nature
House, Tiina Pedak. During an expedition to South Estonia, thirty
students got experience in fieldwork, including estimating air pollution
in different places in Estonia. Also, after doing research in the
park near the Nature House in Tallinn, they carried out a clean-up
action there. Matching funds: $90.
1986: Memoirs of an Estonian Clean-up Worker” – $1196.
Tallinn Green Movement, Mati Rahu. This first-hand account was published
in English as a project of the Tallinn Green Movement and the Estonian
Cancer Registry. Copies were distributed to Chernobyl clean-up survivors
and medical personnel in the three Baltic countries. Matching funds:
Wall (Stage One) – $500. Ardu Basic School,
Andres Ois. Teachers, parents and students planted small trees around
the school, as a first step toward beautifying the public area.
Birds – $504. Viljandi 1 Secondary School,
Hilje Nurmsalu. Bird-watching activities introduced students to
the interdependence of living things, the importance of different
habitats, and the concept of nature protection. Matching funds:
$210 (County and Estonian Environmental Fund).
Activity Programmes – $500. Ecology Club,
Tartu Nature House, Kulli Kalamees. A series of hands-on activities
involved young people in after-school projects, such as planning
ways to reduce air and noise pollution from vehicle traffic. Seminars
and a booklet helped to spread these successful ideas to teachers
in different schools. Matching funds: $100.
Camp for Estonian and Russian students in Keila-Joa – $750.
Estonian Green Movement / Tallinn Nature House, Valdur Lahtvee /
Maris Laja. Teenagers from Estonian-speaking and Russian-speaking
families came together for a week of nature clean-up work, excursions,
and cooperative activities. The language differences were bridged
by the camp’s focus on English language practice, aided by teachers
from Denmark. Matching funds: $6100 (private donations, EPCE, Danish
teachers’ organization, and others).
Oasis in Stone Desert – $490. Estonian
Youth Nature House, Leili Kink. To develop an indoor greenery and
aquarium to provide enjoyment of nature during the long northern
winter, and to educate young people concerning protection for species
and natural systems.
Expedition in Korvemaa Landscape Protection Area – $420. Estonian
Youth Nature House, Kulli Relve. In comparison with other European
countries, much more untouched nature exists in Estonia, including
primeval forest. To map these territories is an important first
step toward conservation management.
of Paldiski Area – $500. Ad Hoc Green
Group, Leida Lepik. Creation and publication of a large scale
topographic map of a former Soviet military zone and nuclear submarine
port will provide information on chemical and nuclear contamination.
Air Ecology Classes Around Tartu – $500.
Tartu Youth Ecology Club, Helle Kont. Nature trails in the valley
of the Emajogi River will link different floodplain and bank landscapes
and nearby forests and peat bogs. Open to the public, these will
be useful for teaching the principles of biodiversity.
of the Arukula Caves – $500. Tartu Group
of Young Geologists; Sirje Janikson. The Arukula Caves were hollowed
out in the Devonian sandstone near Tartu, and possibly extended
by human intervention. They contain fossils of primeval fish. Cleaning
the caves as a natural historical site, and drawing a schematic
map, involved students in nature preservation.
Studies – $390. Estonian Youth Nature
House, Anne Kivinukk. Studies of climate-related biological activities,
such as bird migration and plant flowering, increase appreciation
of nature and teach schoolchildren the scientific method of data
collection. The tradition of phenological studies in Estonia dates
back to the Estonian Naturalists Society in 1951. This project issued
a new handbook and organized students and teachers in order to resume
– $500. Estonian Youth Nature House, Maris
Laja. In conjunction with the Estonian Baltic Sea Project, an ecoseminar
for 80 schoolchildren and 10-15 teachers and scientists was held
at Karepa, North Estonia. Working groups studied pathways of pollution,
water quality of rivers and of the Baltic sea, coastal vegetation,